Intent At Springwood Heath Primary School we aim to inspire in our pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. We wish to equip our pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes.
Implementation (Overviews)
  • At Springwood Heath we aim to ensure that all pupils:
  • develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide a geographical context for understanding the actions of processes
  • understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time
  • are competent in the geographical skills needed to:
  • collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes
  • interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
  • communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length.
Early Years



A guiding principle of CUSP Geography is that each study draws upon prior learning. In the EYFS, pupils may learn about People, Culture and Communities or The Natural World through daily activities and exploring their locality and immediate environment.  This is revisited and positioned so that new and potentially abstract content in Year 1 can be put into a known location and makes it easier to cognitively process.

Geography is learnt via EYFS (Early Years Foundation Stage) Implementation.


ELG (Early Learning Goal) 14, People, Culture and Communities:

  • Describe their immediate environment using knowledge from observations, discussions, stories, non-fiction texts and maps.
  • Explain some similarities, differences between life in this country and life in other countries, drawing on knowledge from stories, non-fiction texts and (when appropriate) maps.

ELG15, The Natural World:

  • Exploring the Natural World around them, making observations and drawing pictures of animals and plants.
  • Know some similarities and differences between the natural world around them, and contrasting environments, drawing on their experiences and what has been read to them in class.





Please see Knowledge and Skills Progression table.
Lower KS2



Please see Knowledge and Skills Progression table.
Upper KS2



Please see Knowledge and Skills Progression table.
Working Scientifically
Lesson Design



An essential component to CUSP lessons is the systematic and coherent approach that we embed focusing on the six phases of a lesson.


Knowledge Organisers Children are provided with a knowledge and vocabulary-rich organiser at the start of each unit, with high-quality images or diagrams and key concepts which children are enabled to understand and expected to refer back to in order to remember. Children are confident in referring to this overview and know that they can find key knowledge in one place. The unit knowledge organisers are elaborated on by knowledge notes for each lesson. These contain the focussed learning question, key facts and images, and vocabulary for the lesson. Knowledge Organisers and Knowledge Notes are dual coded to provide pupils with visual calls to aid understanding and recall.


Knowledge Notes Unique and innovative knowledge notes for each lesson are dual coded and rich in vocabulary.
Mapping of Knowledge within a unit
Retrieval Practice Core knowledge is defined and articulated across the geography curriculum through a focused teaching sequence that is coherent, interleaved and built around spaced retrieval practice. The BIG ideas maps help teachers and pupils see the complete learning sequence.
Vocabulary Explicit vocabulary instruction is an integral component within CUSP Pedagogy and Practice.  Key vocabulary is shown in the accompanying ‘Knowledge and Skills Progression’ table.

How do we know what children have learnt

A guiding principle of the geography curriculum is that children become more geographically ‘expert’ with each study and grow a broadening and coherent understanding of the world, ensuring their geographical knowledge is not fragmented. Vocabulary, both specific and associated, is taught alongside and within geography units. Teachers will use the information gathered through formative assessment to address gaps and to provide additional challenge for children as required and appropriate. This is most effective when done immediately and at the point of learning.


Geography Home Learning Websites

Online Geography Games:

Fieldwork, environment & Map skills:

Geography & Science:

Useful Websites for Geography:

Primary Homework Help | Online Games For Kids – BBC Bitesize